Research into lower temperature ironmaking
The project aims to deliver the science for new ironmaking technology that uses simultaneous reduction and carburisation with composite inputs at the relatively low temperature range of 1000-1200°C. Through laboratory experiments, and atomic-level and industrial-scale simulations of carbon-iron interactions, we will determine lower temperature reaction mechanisms and influence of material properties for these inputs. This advance will allow waste coals and iron ores to be used as raw materials for iron production while maintaining the quality of the end-product. The outcomes will significantly reduce energy consumption of an industry that is under pressure worldwide to reduce its environmental footprint.